(1901-1984) Egyptian president 1953-1954,
army officer and statesman.
Naguib was one of the most respected members of
the Free Officers, His
political career may have ended when he favoured
parliamentary rule, which the fellow Free Officers
He was considered to an honest and brave man. This
paved the ground for his political career,
although he in this position was mainly used.
Gamal Abdu l-Nasser needed his popularity to give
legitimacy to the newly formed Egyptian republic.
February 20: Born in Khartoum, Sudan.
— Educated at the Royal Military Academy in Cairo.
1948: Partakes in the First Palestinian War
against the newly formed state of Israel. As one
of few Egyptian officers, his actions were
— Naguib is recruited to the Free Officers group
headed by , in order to lend it credibility.
1952 July 23: Naguib is central in the
overthrow of King Faruk, placing his infant son
Fuad 2 on the throne. Naguib becomes
Commander-in-chief of the army.
— September 7: Becomes Prime Minister and member
of the Council of Regency. Yet, the real power of
Egypt was now with the Revolutionary Command
Council (RCC) consisting of 9 officers.
1953 July 18: Becomes the first president
of the Egyptian republic, prime minister and
Chairman of the RCC.
1954 February: Naguib is removed from his
positions as president, prime minister and
Chairman of the RCC, only to be reinstalled a few
— April: Nasser strips Naguib from his position as
— November 14: The power struggle between Naguib
and Nasser reaches its final end. Naguib has to
resign from office, and is succeeded by Nasser.
Naguib is accused of having cooperated with the
Muslim Brotherhood attempting of assassinating
Nasser in October. He is placed under house
1971: Freed from house arrest by new
president Anwar as-Sadat.
1984 August 28: Dies in Cairo.