(1868- 1936) Sultan 1917- 22 and king
1922- 36 of Egypt.
Fu'ad's reign was not one of stability. His
strongest opponent was the very popular Wafd
party, with its leader Saad Zaghlul. But while
fighting against very popular political parties,
Fu'ad succeeded in remaining fairly popular among
1868 March 26: Born in Cairo, Egypt as son
of Ismail Pasha.
1880s: Fu'ad gets his education in Italy.
1892: Enters the Egyptian army as general.
1895: Leaves the Egyptian army, and embarks
on a career with the Egyptian administration.
1917: Fu'ad becomes sultan of Egypt, as he
succeeds his brother, Hussein Kamil.
1919: The British takes an initiative for
drafting a treaty to ensure independence for
Egypt. In the next years, many disagreements
surface through public debates on what the talks
with Britain should cover. During this period the
Wafd party is the strongest group in the society.
1922: After years of no conclusion for the
talks, the British declares unilaterally Egypt's
independence, and Fu'ad becomes king.
1923: Fu'ad introduces a new constitution.
1930: He dissolves the Parliament, and
reintroduces the old constitution in an attempt to
bring stability to Egypt.
1931: New elections result in a mixed
parliament without the dominance of Wafd.
1935: The constitution of 1923 is restored.
1936 April 28: Dies in Cairo, and is
succeeded by his son Faruk 1.