(Cairo 1920- Rome, Italy 1965). Faruk, son of
King Fu'ad 1, was king of Egypt from 1936,
until he was overthrown in 1952.
The image of Faruk in the public opinion changed
dramatically through his regency. Early on in his
reign, much hope was connected to him, but he did
not mange to cooperate with the opposition (Wafd
and the Nationalist Party). At the same time
the Egyptian administration became more and more
corrupt and ineffective at the same time as Egypt
faced serious economical problems. On top of that
he soon became infamous for his life style,
involving night clubs and casinos in Europe, women
and an enormous collection of pornography.
1920 February: Born in Cairo.
1936: At the death of his father, Ahmed
Fuad, Faruk becomes king. He is yet not invested
with royal authority.
1938 February: When turning 18,
Faruk gets full royal power as king.
1940: With the outbreak of the 2nd World
War, Faruk tries to keep Egypt neutral, a position
that proves problematic as Egypt had at the same
time a military treaty with Britain, and there
were many Italian advisors to Faruk (Britain and
Italy were enemies in this war).
1942: Britain forces Faruk to appoint a
pro-British prime minister, which proves to be
destructive to Faruk's authority inside Egypt.
1945: Faruk is central in the establishment
of the Arab League.
1950: Faruk allows general elections in an
attempt to regain his position on the national
1952: After the coup of the Free Officers,
Faruk is deposed, and exiled to Italy, together
with his family.
1959: Faruk becomes a citizen of Monaco.
1965: Faruk dies in Rome.