(1813-1854) Viceroy of Egypt 1849-1854,
regent under Muhammad Ali 1848-1849 serving
under the Ottoman Empire.
Abbas 1 was considered to be extremely reactionary
and suspicious towards Europeans and
European-educated Egyptians. He suspended several
of the reforms started by Muhammad Ali, by closing
or neglecting schools and factories, stopping the
construction of the Delta Dam, opposing the
construction of the Suez Canal. He opposed the
Tanzimat reforms from the Ottoman sultan.
The only modern advances under his reign was the
construction of the railway from Alexandria to
Yet, his policy was not without its goods. By
reducing the state spending the taxes imposed on
the poor became milder, there were less compulsory
labour and less army conscription.
1813: Born, as son of Tusun Pasha and
grandson of Muhammad Ali.
1848 November 10: Ibrahim Pasha dies, and
Abbas becomes regent under Muhammad Ali who had
1849 August 2: Muhammad Ali dies, and Abbas
becomes new viceroy.
1853: Sends an expeditionary force to help
the Ottoman troops in the Crimean War.
1854 July 13: Strangled by two of his
slaves in Benha Palace. He is succeeded by Said
Pasha, his uncle.